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The Best and Leading Candidate Vaccines Revealed to Fight COVID-19

The continuing outbreak of the COVID-19 affecting millions of lives already had triggered many scientists to find the best cure and that includes studying the best candidate vaccines available.

They are now testing different nucleic acid (DNA and RNA) as well as virus-like particles.

Due to the continuing outbreak of the pandemic Novel Corona Virus 2019 (COVID-19), that affects millions of people worldwide today, scientific and medical experts are finding the best cure from the different available candidate vaccines.

As published online through Gulfnews.com, the World Health Organization (WHO) is currently monitoring the study of the leading vaccines that can potential defeat the virus. The WHO is the main organization with the responsibility of searching for the most effective vaccine to prevent the outbreak and eliminate COVID-19.

Based on the assessment, they study the potential vaccines to their capacity in defeating the target pathogens that cause the spreading of the diseases. Furthermore, the study determines the possibility of their relationship to the newest viruses that can infect the human body.

According from the reports online, the 5 leading candidate vaccines include the following:

  1. Ad5-nCoV [CanSino Biologicals]
  2. mRNA-1273 [Moderna]
  3. INO-4800 [Inovio]
  4. Pathogen-specific aAPC [Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute]
  5. LV-SMENP-DC [Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute]

These potential vaccines had shown great signs of effectiveness and so they need to exert more effort to study them thoroughly. From the estimate figure on how much it cost to invest and develop such vaccines, it is nearly $2 billion as detailed by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) experts.

According to the published news also related to this issue, the United Kingdom already allocated 20 million pounds for the development procedure.

Currently, over 70 different potential vaccines are under study, but the listed 5 above are the leading candidates.

The Ad5-nCoV is under the monitoring of Hong Kong’s Cansino Bio and Beijing Institute of Biotechnology. They already plan to schedule the clinical tests (phase 2) with the other genetic engineered candidate vaccine in Mainland.

As for the other leading candidate mRNA-1273, the Moderna pharmaceutical in Massachusetts already received the green light of the regulator to begin the clinical test for human last March. While the INO-4800 of the Inovio pharmaceuticals, it began its clinical test for human this April (last week), according to the dailymail.co.uk.

The WHO is likewise monitoring the developments of the remaining 67 vaccines as candidate to fight the pandemic virus. The pre-clinical assessment came from various school institutions like the University of Queensland (Australia), Osaka University (Japan), Imperial College and University of Oxford (London).

Despite the efforts shown by the group of experts in developing the best vaccines, many believe that it may still take months or years before they can possible eliminate the virus completely.

However, the good important thing is that the world is trying to control the outbreak.

To date, countries like the US, South Korea and China are already scheduling the clinical tests for healthy human beings this month. The results of the tests play a huge role in the process of manufacturing the approved vaccines and cure the millions of infected patients worldwide.

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US Intelligence Report in 2008, Predicted Such Pandemic Virus Accurately Yet Ignored

The United States Intelligence report back in 2008 had predicted such pandemic virus accurately based on their assessment, but no action taken during that time.

The report showed what is exactly happening in the world today against the COVID-19.

According from the news information shared through RT.com, the US National Council intelligence (NIC) report in 2008 made a prediction about the pandemic virus that will hit the world and potentially no cure at all. The report even considered the assessment of the global pandemic issue that time as “highly transmissible” and “virulent respiratory illness.”

Unfortunately, they did not take any action that time or thought about preparedness.

As detailed online, the NIC reported that the new disease can become “extremely contagious” and it will be difficult to find the exact treatment once the virus begins to spread globally. Based on the report also, they mentioned about the potential candidates such as the H5NI or Bird Flu, but it can also be a possible “coronavirus or other influenza strains.”

The Intelligence report likewise mentioned about the onset of the pandemic virus begins in a highly populated area wherein both human beings and animals are living together. A specified area that they utilized as an example is the Mainland China.

Based on the information about the COVID-19, it possibly originated in Wuhan (we market) wherein they sell both live and dead animals. This place is also not following proper hygiene because most of the residents here are poor.

The RT.com news information also revealed that the report of the NIC mentioned that the outbreak of the virus would prove a “slow public health response” of the world. In addition, the report said that the laboratory tests and results might take weeks before they confirm the findings to take action of the possible solutions.

Asymptomatic people who are traveling can become the potential carriers of the virus and infecting other people across the globe, as mentioned on the prediction.

One of the extreme situations is that hundreds to millions of Americans will get sick.

Even though such predictions might not convince many ordinary people out there, there are experts and virologists who already warned the world of potential pandemic outbreak for years, which proved the incapacity of the world to respond effectively.

Back in 2005, Michael Osterholm wrote about “time is running out” to help in preparing for the next pandemic and for the human beings to act now, as published through RT.com. In his written book entitled “Deadliest Enemy: Our War Against Killer Germ” in 2017, Osterholm made an effort to alarmed the people of the upcoming threats and even revealed his nine-point strategy in protecting the populations.

Michael Osterholm is a known infectious disease expert in the world.

From the information shared through foreignpolicy.com, the current administration of US President Donald Trump has failed in responding against the pandemic COVID-19 outbreak, despite the repeated caution of the Intelligence agency.

The Trump administration did not act swiftly on the potential threat and this trigger panic in the United States and caught the Americans by surprise because they do not have the exact plan.

Regardless if the prediction of the NIC came true or not, it is important for the world to become aware of any pandemic outbreak and must prepare in the best possible way to avoid any fatality.

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Filipino Nurses, Porters Died in UK Due to COVID-19 Faces Revealed

About 16 Filipinos who work as nurses and porters in the United Kingdom had died already due to the Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) and they revealed their faces online recently.

They are the unseen heroes from the Philippines who fought against the deadly virus.

From the latest news report through gulfnews.com, about 16 Filipinos who worked as hospital nurses and porters had died due to COVID-19 in the UK. As detailed online, the names are as follows:

  1. Amor Gatinao
  2. Marjorie Teves
  3. Romeo Castillo
  4. John Alagos
  5. Leilani Dayrit
  6. Delia Mahinay
  7. Donald Suelto
  8. Arnel Ganias
  9. Oscar King Jr.
  10. Fernando Caparal
  11. Elvira Bucu
  12. Raul Apostol
  13. Arnel Ganias
  14. A certain named Gloria
  15. A certain named JR and
  16. Dr. Aileen Abdon Sartaguda

These people had served their hospitals and patients with great courage by risking their lives. Unfortunately, they all died while working abroad for the sake of their loved ones back home.

One of the longest staying nurses in the United Kingdom is Amor Gatinao who had worked at the National Health Service (NHS) since 2002. According to the reported news, she is the 27th staff member of the hospital who died because of COVID-19. She was a dedicated clinical nurse assessor at the Hammersmith and Fulham Clinical Commissioning Group.

Despite the effort of his husband to bring her to the hospital in saving her life when she is not getting well for the past couple of days, Amor still did not make it to survive. She died last Good Friday and according to the family, they will bring her ashes in Jaro, Ilolilo (her hometown).

Another sorry casualty who fought against the pandemic virus is Leilani Dayrit who died last April 9, 2020. Like Gatinao she worked for the NHS for almost 16 years, but failed to survive when she got ill due to COVID-19.

She is the fourth reported nurse from the Philippines.

While in London, Donald Suelto is a male nurse who recently died due to the deadly virus. He exposed himself to different patients infected with the Novel Coronavirus and experienced symptoms before he died.

Perhaps the saddest thing about his death is that Suelto passed away inside his apartment without any companion.

Another young Filipino male nurse who died after battling against COVID-19 is the 23-year old John Alagos. Based on the published information about him, he works at the Watford General Hospital and one of the staff who takes care of the patients with the virus.

From the report through a British press, the mother (Gina Gustilo) of John has asked him to come home, but the hospital did not allow him due to lack of health workers. He worked for almost 12 hours per shift and got sick afterwards that led to his death.

Her mother revealed that during the duty of his son, he is not wearing complete PPE.

Besides the list above, the report from bbc.com revealed that other Filipinos who died in London include 60-year old nurse Melujean Ballesteros from St. Mary’s Hospital in Paddington.

The other casualty is Elbert Rico who is a porter at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford along with Oscar King Jr.

Currently, over 18,000 health workers at the NHS are from the Philippines. Based on a study in UK, the Philippines is a top provider of licensed nurses and clinical staff than any other nation outside the United Kingdom.  

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Sweden No Lockdown Despite COVID-19, Challenges Trump and Scientific Mainstream

Despite the continuing serious health problems caused by the pandemic COVID-19, Sweden has no plan on locking down and even challenges US President Trump and scientific mainstream.

Majority of the European countries had lockdown already, but not Sweden.

According from the information shared through cnn.com, Sweden has no plan on locking down despite the serious health problems that the Novel Coronovirus 2019 (COVID-19) is causing the world today. In addition, the Swedish government even challenged the criticism of the White House leader as well as scientific mainstream of not locking down.

As detailed online, the different establishments in Sweden such as bars and restaurants continue to operate. Furthermore, the government did not yet order closure of the different schools and public playgrounds in the country.

They are aware of the pandemic virus, but rely on voluntary action in stemming the outbreak.

Because of this kind of approach, Trump finds it controversial and he said last Tuesday that, “Sweden did that, the herd, they call it the herd. Sweden’s suffering very, very badly,” as published by the news.

Although the Swedish government became aware of the statement of the US leader, they still believe on their plan and confident that it can work effectively. As explained by Ann Linde during an interview on a Swedish TV that the statement of Trump is “factually wrong” for suggesting the government that it follows “herd immunity” theory.

The explanation of this theory is through permitting the people to catch the virus, while it protects the vulnerable.

Linde added that the decision of the government of not to lockdown is working and relying on individuals who are responsible of themselves to avoid getting sick.

Ann Linde is the current Foreign Minister of Sweden.

Besides the Foreign Minister, another person who disagreed with the statement of the American leader is Anders Tegnell. During an interview with the CNN affiliate Expressen, Anders said, “I think Sweden is doing okay.” Adding that, “It’s producing quality results the same way it’s always done. So far Swedish health care is handling this pandemic in a fantastic way.”

Anders Tegnell is the state epidemiologist of the country.

From the released figures of Johns Hopkins University, Sweden has about 793 death toll and 9,141 positive COVID-19 cases as of April 9, 2020.

Although the Swedish government already imposed some rules and guidelines to the people, some establishments are still open to the public. However, they provided a number of persons who can only visit or come.

Regarding the opening of the schools, the state epidemiologist explained that the decision to close the schools has greater effects on the health care because the involved people can no longer perform their duties when staying home.

Likewise, many kids will suffer if they will not attend their schools.

Although some Swedish locals support the approach of their government, there are those who are opposing it because they fear about the spreading of the virus particularly those who are still visiting the homes for the elderly.

In line with this issue also, the World Health Organization (WHO) released its statement through CNN on last Wednesday that, “imperative” that Sweden “increase measures to control spread of the virus, prepare and increase capacity of the health system to cope, ensure physical distancing and communicate the why and how of all measures to the population.”

Currently, more than a million recorded COVID-19 cases worldwide and such figure continue to rise each day.

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COVID-19 Airborne? Latest Study Revealed in Air Samples Reaches 13 feet from an Infected Person

The latest conducted study about the air samples of COVID-19 revealed that it could reach up to 13 feet or 4 meters from an infected patient and can potentially infect a person.  

This is actually doubling the distance of the current social distancing guideline of 1 meter.

According from the reported news online through AFP, a latest conducted study about the collected air samples of the Novel Coronavirus 2019 or COVID-19 revealed that the virus could reach up to 13 feet or 4 meters away from an infected patient and may infect a person within the area.

The research experts studied the gathered samples from the hospital wards with patients suffering from COVID-19 and this finding is somehow alarming because they only suggest a social distancing of 1 meter when in the public places.

The involved researchers are from China and published their finding on Friday through Emerging Infectious Diseases (a US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)) journal.

This latest study is an important matter because this also one of the growing debates on how the virus transmits with one person to another that causes the infection and leading to death.

As detailed on the reported news also, the research experts came from Beijing at the Academy of Military Medical Sciences. They conducted a test inside Houshenshan Hospital’s intensive care unit (ICU) and general ward for COVID-19 patients. They tested the surface as well as collected air samples inside the hospital, which involved almost 2 dozens of patients from February 19 up to March 2.

The Houshenshan Hospital is from Wuhan in Mainland.

Based on the explanation of the team, they discovered that the virus on the floors is heavily concentrated and believed that this happens because of the gravity and airflow. These factors caused the droplets of the virus to remain on the floors.

In addition, the researchers also revealed that they found high level of virus droplets from things like bed rails, computer mice, garbage cans and doorknobs. These things are what most people touch while inside the hospitals.

The study likewise revealed that the research experts were able conclude that the staff shoes of health workers inside the hospital are tested positive from the virus, as written on the published journal.

On this matter, the soles of the shoes are carriers of the COVID-19 as well.

The good thing however is that no medical staff got infected with the virus yet because of taking the necessary precautionary measures in preventing the infection effectively.

The researchers offered an advice regarding the orthodox guidelines: “Our findings suggest that home isolation of persons with suspected COVID-19 might not be a good control strategy” given the levels of environmental contamination, as published through AFP.

Despite the positive outcome of the study, the World Health Organization (WHO) is downplaying the risk and cautiously evaluating matters.

The issue about the pandemic virus is serious because it affects the world.

As of the latest shared figures online, the current death toll worldwide is almost 101,000, with 372,000 recovered patients and 1.6 million positive cases already.

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India to Face US Wrath Said Trump if Not Overturning Banned Covid-19 Drug Decision

India may face wrath against the US if Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will not overturn the decision of banning a potential drug for COVID-19, which they experimented to treat the pandemic virus.

This drug is what they call hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and it is a kind of anti-malaria medication.

From the latest information online through RT.com, United States President Donald Trump said that if Indian Prime Minister (PM) Modi will not decide to overturn the decision to export the banned COVID-19 drug, India might be facing wrath against the Americans.

New Delhi has experimented a certain drug known as hydroxychloroquine, which can possible treat the virus caused by the Novel Coronavirus 2019 or COVID-19. The White House leader made a statement that the PM must reverse the decision to ban such drug from entering America and in other nations.

This particular issue originated when New Delhi made a decision to implement a “blanket ban” on exporting the anti-malaria drug. This is still under clinical test because they still want to prove its effectiveness if it can treat patients with COVID-19.

Trump on the other had said the PM might face the consequences for not allowing the drug and insisted that he does not know anything about the concluded final decision of the PM.

I don’t like that decision. I didn’t hear if that was his decision. I know he stopped it for other countries,” said Trump said as published online (referring to the Indian PM). “I would be surprised if he would, because India does very well with the United States, for many years they’ve been taking advantage of the United States on trade,” he added.

The United States had been receiving nearly half of the produced drug of the suppliers from India, as detailed by Bloomberg News. This is one reason why the US leader had been repeatedly touting the anti-malaria medicine as a possible treatment to fight the pandemic virus.

Although there is still no concrete evidence that can prove the potentiality of the drug against COVID-19, there had been ongoing clinical tests in Michigan and in New York. Furthermore, the tests showed initial findings that the HCQ could possibly be helpful, as explained by Jerome Adams.

Adams is the Surgeon General of the United States.

Because of learning about the statement of Trump a couple of days ago, India had already made a decision to lift the ban and allowed the export of almost 24 pharmaceutical drugs and ingredients. All of these contain the intriguing anti-malaria drug.

This latest development would certainly make the US President happy because they can now proceed to the tests to fight such deadly virus at once.

“Like any responsible government, our first obligation is to ensure that there are adequate stocks of medicines for the requirement of our own people. In order to ensure this, some temporary steps were taken to restrict exports of a number of pharmaceutical products,” said in a statement by Anurag Srivastava on Tuesday as published through knoowherenews.com.

He also said that, “It has been decided that India would license paracetamol and HCQ in appropriate quantities to all our neighboring countries who are dependent on our capabilities,” adding that the “restrictions have been largely lifted” after confirming the availability of these medicines “for all possible contingencies currently envisaged.”

Anurag Srivastava is the current representative of the Indian foreign ministry.

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Bill Gates to Fund Potential Vaccine to Fight COVID-19, Sets First Testing

Microsoft founder and billionaire Bill Gates is all set to fund the latest potential vaccines that can possible defeat the pandemic virus known as the COVID-19 or Novel Coronavirus 2019.

The funding will originate from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

According from the information published through fierpharma.com online, Microsoft founder and billionaire individual Bill Gates already agreed to provide funds for the latest potential vaccine INO-4800 DNA that can defeat COVID-19. Gates is a known affluent person who owns the popular technology company, Microsoft.

Based on the published information, the first clinical testing is already on its way and it will now enter the initial phase involving a human being.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States had approved the submitted application coming from Inovio Pharmaceuticals. They already have the first human being who volunteered and will inject the vaccine to complete the first phase of the test.

The Investigational New Drug program will be part of the entire process too.

The INO-4800 DNA vaccine becomes an option to fight the pandemic virus after the pre-clinical studies revealed positive results, as detailed through techcrunch.com. They tested the vaccine to the animals and showed an increase level of immune response, which convinced the research experts to study it thoroughly.

This is the reason why they concluded using the vaccine for human being already.

The process of the study involves injecting an engineered plasmid (a small, independent genetic structure) with specific level into the human body of an infected patient. On this matter, it allows the body cells to produce the exact or targeted anti-body in defeating the infection caused by the virus.

However, there are still no proof that they had utilized such drug for humans before.

Through the effort and funding of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, it is willing to fund at least 7 potential vaccines and determine the results for evaluation, as explained by the Billionaire Microsoft founder during an interview with Trevor Noah on The Daily Show.

The soft-spoken person likewise said through fiercepharma.com, the world cannot wait for the deployment of traditional vaccines and so his foundation will help in scaling up the tests during manufacturing, instead of waiting after.

The founder of the popular technology company said as detailed online that, “Our early money can accelerate things.” The foundation is picking the seven “most promising” vaccine constructs and will help fund factories for all seven, adding that, “even though we’ll end up picking at most two” to actually deploy. 

“To get to the best case” of vaccine deployment in about 18 months, said the 64-year old Gates, “we need to do safety and efficacy and build manufacturing” simultaneously. He acknowledged the plan will result in the loss of “a few billion dollars” on projects that don’t pan out. 

The green light of the FDA is certainly good news for the world and the Pennsylvania-based Inovio Pharmaceuticals begins the test this week under the clearance of the regulator.

Besides the Foundation of Gates, other non-profit organizations showed willingness to support the potential vaccines to defeat the virus globally.

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Drug for Head Lice Treatment can Kill Cells from COVID-19

A drug they utilize in treating head lice can potential kill the cells caused by the Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) as explained by the researchers from Monash University.

The anti-parasite drug is what they call the Ivermectin and the study is now ongoing.

From the news reported online through dailymail.co.uk, scientists from the Monash University in Australia revealed that there is a possibility that the anti-parasite drug known as the Ivermectin can kill the COVID-19 cells and help in treating the infected patients.

During their actual test, the drug managed to eliminate the cells in the span of 48 hours and this kind of option is easily accessible in various pharmacies. As detailed by the news as well, research experts had proved the effectiveness of the drug is treating Zika virus, Influenza, dengue and HIV/AIDS.

Again, this particular drug is use for killing head lice and it will be a breakthrough if it works.

Based on the conducted study led by the research experts or scientists from the Australian-based University, a single dosage of the Ivermectin can already prevent the development of the cell from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

“We found that even a single dose could essentially remove all viral RNA (effectively removed all genetic material of the virus) by 48 hours and that even at 24 hours there was a really significant reduction in it,” said Dr Kylie Wagstaff as published through thenewdaily.com.au.

“In times when we’re having a global pandemic and there isn’t an approved treatment, if we had a compound that was already available around the world then that might help people sooner,” the doctor also stated.

Although they cannot yet determine on how the head lice drug kills off the COVID-19 virus, it is capable of dampening the cells and this leads to eliminating them. Besides killing the head lice, this kind of drug can also eliminate other parasites like scabies and River Blindness.

The next procedure that the scientists want to study is the right amount of drug or level of dose they need to use for the human body.  

In addition to this, there is a need for sufficient funding before they can start the pre-clinical tests and clinical trials. This is important before they can make the availability of the developed vaccine becomes widely ready.   

Dr. Kylie Wagstaff is from the Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute.

The new study about using Ivermectin is a joint effort between the Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Peter Doherty Institute of Infection and Immunity, both based in Australia. The findings they have became available through Antiviral Research’s publication.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recognizes the anti-parasite drug and if the ongoing study becomes successful for COVID-19 treatment, this will be a huge help in saving thousands of sufferers across the globe.

As detailed through worldmeters.info as of April 6, 2020, the COVID-19 cases worldwide is already 1,274,199. The death toll is at 69,468 and the patients who recovered already are at 264,833.

Almost all nations are continuously searching for the best possible treatments to defeat such pandemic virus.

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Century Old Vaccines Can Possible Cure People with COVID-19

A 100-year old vaccine that originated from Europe use to fight Tuberculosis (TB) is now becoming a trend for the possibility of using it to cure people with COVID-19.

The vaccine is what they call the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BGC) and introduced back in 1920s.

From the reported news through Gulfnews.com, there are now scientists who are studying the possibility of using a 100-year old vaccine that originated from Europe as a potential cure for people who are suffering from the pandemic Novel Coronoavirus 2019 or known as COVID-19.

These research experts are as well looking at the possibility of protecting all the doctors, nurses and other health workers who serve as the front liners in this tough crisis worldwide.

With the help of this century old vaccine that treats people with Tuberculosis, scientists who are part of the study believe that this can strengthen the immune system of the human body and potentially eliminate the infection caused by the virus.

Both scientists from Europe and Australia are now studying the vaccine. They are focusing on a pair of groups that are high risk with the virus – elderly and health care workers.

According from the shared information through usnews.com, the BGC contain a live but weak strain of TB bacteria and helps in provoking the human body to develop anti-bodies. The anti-bodies then attack the bacteria caused by Tuberculosis and called the process as adaptive immune response.

Majority of the vaccines involve a single pathogen during the adaptive immune response.

As opposed to the other available vaccines, the BGC has the capacity to strengthen natural immune system of the body and works as a first line of defense to prevent various types of pathogen from penetrating the body.

This kind of process is helpful in preventing the infection from developing.

However, there is still no truthful evidence that can tell on whether the BGC vaccine can prevent the infection caused by COVID-19. Nonetheless, these research experts are not stopping in finding ways to defeat this pandemic virus through conducting various clinical tests.

Based on the information published through theguardian.com, there is a claim that most of the affected people are those who are old with health issues already. Because they have weaker immune system, it is easier for the virus to infect their body.

In most cases, COVID-19 can easily ruin the respiratory system and this is probably the reason why both the scientists from Europe and Australia are eager to prove the effectiveness of using BGC to protect all the health workers who are exposing themselves to infected patients.

Another claim of which they need to prove is that a person needs to stay with an infected person for about 10 minutes before being infected too. This is the reason why there are now hospitals with precautionary guidelines to stay away within 3-4 meters from an infected person to avoid the virus.

Usually, the virus spreads out when a person is sneezing or coughing and a strict social distancing is necessary during this situation.

Proper disinfection is very important these days because the issue about COVID-19 is serious. It already affected more than 180 countries and continuously infecting thousands of people across the globe.

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Australia Begins COVID-19 Vaccine Clinical Test

A national science agency of Australia revealed that it is already beginning the initial stage of their COVID-19 vaccine clinical test in an effort to defeat the pandemic virus.

The Novel Coronavirus 2019 or COVID-19 is becoming a nightmare worldwide.

According from the news report through Reuters, a national science agency of Australia on Thursday already set the initial stage of its clinical test involving the possible vaccines that can possible defeat the pandemic and deadly virus.  

The Australian government is uniting with all the nations across the world to find the most effective solution in battling the virus and in curing all those infected individuals.  

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is the involved science agency and conducted its pre-clinical test already. The experiment involves the ferrets (small furry mammals) by injecting them with the two possible vaccines.

 The venue for the experiment is at a high-containment bio-security facility close to Melbourne.

During an interview with Reuters, Rob Grenfell said that the initial phase of the test made need at least 90 days before they can determine the result. He added that should there will be a result after the process, they might need until late of 2021 to decide and not yet ready for the public.

From the shared information through bbc.com, the vaccines cleared by the World Health Organization (WHO) made by Inovio Phramaceutical (US-based company) and involving Oxford University.

The WHO gave the green light to use the vaccines for animal testing.

Grenfell stated during an interview through Skype while in Melbourne as published over the Internet “We’re still sticking to the optimistic 18 months for delivery of vaccine to the general consumers,” adding that “Now this, of course, may change. There’s a lot of technical challenges that we’re having to go through.”

Rob Grenfell is the director of health for CSIRO and considered the first stage of testing as “remarkable” because the result is faster than they expected.

Currently, Australia has already reported 5,200 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 24 fatalities.

Part of the clinical test is to conduct an actual trial involving a human being from one of the two candidate vaccines, which might take place this April or early May. During the test, the involved researchers must determine the effectiveness of the vaccine and if it shows enough benefits when administered through nasal spray and intra-muscular injection, as detailed online.

This latest clinical test in Australia becomes the first task of the CSIRO outside the Mainland as a research organization that will conduct a pre-testing to defeat COVID-19.

The other successful research agency is the Moderna Inc, which is the closest known facility in public that conduct human test. According to Reuters, they are planning to begin the clinical test last March in Seattle.

As detailed from the reported news also, the research agency provided information that the causes of the COVID-19 disease is the virus known as Sars-CoV-2. Over 20 studied vaccines worldwide are now in developing process to prove their efficacy.

Should the pre-clinical test conducted in Australia becomes successful, this will be a huge breakthrough in giving the best possible solution in treating patients infected with the pandemic virus.

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